The Royal Family



View of the Midmar Castle from Blaeu's Atlas, 1654.
The Castle from Blaeu's Atlas c.1654.
© National Library of Scotland






Midmar Castle in 19th Century.
Midmar Castle, late 19th century.






View of Midmar Castle, 1990's.
Rear view of Midmar Castle, 1990's.
The Seton Collection © 2005






Midmar Castle view, 2009.
Side view of Midmar Castle, 2009.
The Seton Collection © 2005
The Marr is a historic region lying between the famous salmon rivers of the Dee and the Don. The district comprised Brae-Marr, so called on account of it being the highest part of the country: Cro-Marr, a lower and more cultivated tract; and Mid-Marr, indicating its central position between the two rivers. The word is derived from the Saxon - Mid - and the Gaelic - Marr - , signifying a black forest.  Its territorial chieftains were the Earls of Mar, whose stronghold was Braemar Castle. Oliver Hill's book - Scottish Castles of the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries - states: - The Castle of Midmar is situated on the northern slopes of the Hill of Fare, the dominating feature of the region, which reaches to a height of one thousand eight hundred feet.

The countryside is famous for its druidical stone circles and cairns and the extensive stone walled enclosures of its hill-forts. These were built by the ancestors of a very remarkable school of local granite-masons, the Midmar school, which sprang up here in the late sixteenth century. Within an area no more than fifteen miles across, they built that group of masterpieces, Crathes, Frazer, Drum, Craigievar and Midmar, castles unrivalled for their splendour and character in all Scotland.

Tradition has it that the first fortified castle, or motte, at Midmar was built by Sir William Wallace when he was Governor of Scotland, as a hunting seat for his friend Sir Thomas Longavale.  The first recorded mention of the estates of Midmar is in the late 13th century when Adam Broun of Fordell, the Bishop of Aberdeen, held them. The castle passed to the Seton's and to Sir Alexander Seton, 2nd Lord Gordon and 1st Earl of Huntly, and to his second son of his third marriage, and owned by the Seton-Gordons until 1620 when it was sold to Alexander Forbes.  Following the Seton-Gordon tenure, it passed to the Grant family and others for a time before being bought back by Colonel Gordon of Cluny in 1842.

Sir Alexander Seton, 1st Earl of Huntly, was the elder son of Sir Alexander Seton, Lord Gordon (second son of Sir William Seton of Seton, 1st Lord Seton), and Elizabeth Gordon, the Heiress of Gordon.  Seton and his wife received from Robert, Duke of Albany, a Charter, with remainder to their heirs of the lands and baronies of Gordon, and other lands belonging to the late Lord of Gordon; and Seton was thereafter styled Lord of Gordon and Huntly and later acquired those lands, and the Barony of Midmar.

The Earl of Huntly had no issue by his first wife, Jean, daughter and heiress of Robert de Keith, grandson and heir of Sir William de Keith, Great Marischal of Scotland; by his second wife, Egidia Hay, daughter and heiress of Sir John Hay of Touch and Tullibody he had a son Sir Alexander Seton, ancestor of the Setons of Touch in Stirlingshire; and by his third wife Elizabeth, daughter of William, Lord Crichton and Lord High Chancellor of Scotland.

By Elizabeth Crichton he had three sons and three daughters, who later took the name of Gordon, the succession to the Earldom of Huntly being settled on the issue of this marriage, by charter 29 Jan. 1449.  The sons were George Seton, 2nd Earl of Huntly (later George Gordon); Sir Alexander Seton of Midmar (later as Gordon) and  ancestor of the Gordons of Abergeldie; and Adam Seton, Dean of Caithness and rector of Pettie.

The castle here was originally built by Seton in the traditional defensive manner of a Z plan tower house.  It is based around three towers: two square and one circular, but with new and dramatic decorative features attributed to the Bell family of master masons. The art of decorative stone masonry is shown at its very best in the detailed chequered corbelling of the central square tower, the bold roll-mounted window surrounds and the circular turrets with candle snuffer roofs. 

There have been changes over the years, with various additions including the two plain roofed wings forming the north courtyard with its raised terrace entrance added during the Grant family ownership in the late 18th century.  The castle combines traditional features such as spiral stairways, ground floor vaulted rooms and a great hall with well proportioned 18th century rooms such as the kitchen and the billiard room.

The bedrooms are arranged off two sets of spiral stairs with the tower above. There is much original plasterwork, panelling and stonework, and is set within parkland beside a miniature wooded glen and hidden away behind mature trees with wide ranging views over the surrounding countryside from the top of the tower.

Adjoining the castle is the principal walled garden which dates from the 16th century.  It is entered by a gate in the wall beneath an old yew tree or directly from the large conservatory adjoining the kitchen.  The garden slopes from south to north with two large productive greenhouses and a landscaped shrubbery looking down over a sweeping lawn to the fruit garden at the bottom, and there is a two storey garden house and apple store and recessed bee skeps along the wall.

The Castle, gardens and grounds are surrounded by parkland with both fine mature trees and newer plantings.  To the south are lawns with a mature grove of beech and lime trees and a second, and more private walled garden of similar size and date to the main garden.  A lease in favour of the owners of Midmar Castle exists to shoot over the adjoining Forestry Commission land extending to over 1300 acres was granted in 1929 for 99 years.

Fortunately Midmar Castle survived the Victorian era with no tasteless modifications, and retained its original form and character.  It underwent an extensive program of restoration with the guiding hand of Historic Scotland in the late 1970s, and this has helped bring the castle into the modern era without destroying any of its historic charm and character.

Owned by Ric and Jackie Wharton, their diving company known for having pulled off the salvage operation of the 20th century, wresting £50m of Russian gold from the wartime wreck of HMS Edinburgh.  In April 1942, HMS Edinburgh had successfully escorted a convoy laden with wartime munitions from the west coast of Scotland to Murmansk, in northern Russia.  On the return trip she carried Soviet gold as payment to America for supplies, but sank in the North Sea before the gold could be delivered.  The home they gambled to help fund the HMS Edinburgh operation, was that of Midmar, the classic 16th-century castle at Inverurie, that the Whartons had bought as an endangered pile in 1977.  Wharton eventually retired to Guernsey to his successful boatyard and chandlery business and his wife stepped down from running the farm.  Their children, to whom the castle had been given, sold it in 2010.

In the modern context, the estate is particularly well placed, being only 11 miles from Banchory and 16 miles from Aberdeen with its international airport.  The area encompasses much of what Scotland is famous for, the thriving cultural city of Aberdeen founded on fishing and expanded from oil, excellent shopping services,  education and recreational opportunities, dramatic rocky coastline and miles of sandy beaches, exceptional links golf courses, deer stalking, grouse and pheasant shooting and some of the best salmon fishing on the rivers Dee and Don.  The ski slopes of the Lecht and Glenshee are also nearby and are easily accessible.

The Barony of Midmar

Midmar Castle is the seat of an ancient Scottish Feudal Barony, it's owner becoming Baron of Midmar and is entitled to use the suffix "of Midmar" after his name.  The remainder of the estate is made up of the lands of Craigshannoch Farm, trading as "Midmar Castle Farms", which extends to about 140 acres of productive arable/grassland encircling the castle and its policies.  The farmhouse and steading are located at the top of the glen and are of traditional Aberdeenshire design, built of granite under pitched and slated roofs. The house has two bedrooms, bathroom, sitting room and kitchen. There is a useful modern barn/store.

The Estate was until recently, home to a herd of pure Warnham Park red deer which were successfully exported all over Europe. The purpose-built deer handling sheds and pens are located below the castle grounds and the farm is mainly deer-fenced with an extensive roadway system to move the animals around.  Unfortunately the herd itself was sold in 2008.

Also located within the Estate, is the Manor House of Midmar, where the owners of the property and the houses at Craigshannoch have servitude rights of access. There is also an access reserved to the forestry, but timber is not permitted to be extracted along this road.

While  the nearby castles of Crathes, Castle Fraser, Drum and Craigievar are now all owned by the National Trust and open to the public, Midmar Castle remains the only one of the principal Castles of Mar still in private hands and has been featured in Country Life Magazine on three occasions, in 1912, 1945 and 1986.

The layout of the rooms of the castle are as follows:

Ground Floor: Hall, dining room, gun room, kitchen, conservatory, and utility room.

First Floor: Great hall, billiard room, study, playroom, sitting room, and office.

Upper floors: 10 bedrooms, 3 bathrooms.


The Estate houses the following buildings:

Integral workshops, garages and dog kennels. Stone barn.

Two walled gardens. Parkland and amenity woodland.

Traditional two bedroom farmhouse and buildings.

About 140 acres grazing with deer fencing, buildings and handling pens, and about 185 acres in all.

Barony of Midmar and Shooting Lease of 1,300 acres of Foresty Commission Woodland.

Kings and Queens of the United Kingdom (from 1603)
Next section

Image of David I

The Portrait Gallery
more >

The Memorabilia Gallery
more >
Historic Scotland
The National Trust for Scotland
National Museums of Scotland
Text Only News Media Centre How Do I...? Freedom of Information Children Recruitment Francais Gàidhlig
Contact us Search Site map Links Subscribe Copyright About this site


Midmar Castle History
Midmar Castle Gallery
Midmar Floorplans
Midmar Old Photo's
Historical Research
Sales Brochure
Visitor information